CNC Machining

CNC Machining

Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machining is a technology that uses computer-controlled machines to create parts and products from various materials. CNC stands for computer numerical control, which means that the machines follow a set of instructions or code that tells them how to move and cut the material. CNC machining can produce parts and products with high accuracy, speed, flexibility, and quality, making it a superior method to traditional machining methods. In this article, we will explain how CNC machining works, what are its advantages, and how Vexma Technologies can help you with your CNC machining needs.


How CNC Machining Works

CNC machining involves four main steps: Designing, Programming, Setting up, and Machining. Here is a brief overview of each step:


The first step is to design the part or product using a CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software, which creates a digital model of the part or product. The CAD software allows you to create and modify the shape, size, and features of the part or product, as well as simulate its functionality and performance.


The next step is to convert the CAD model into a set of instructions or code that the CNC machine can understand and follow. This is done using a CAM (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) software, which generates a G-code or M-code file that contains the coordinates, speed, and direction of the tool movement. The CAM software also optimizes the tool path and the machining parameters, such as feed rate, spindle speed, and depth of cut, to ensure the best results.

Setting up

The third step is to prepare the CNC machine and the workpiece for the machining process. This involves selecting and installing the appropriate machine tools, such as drills, mills, lathes, or grinders, and securing the workpiece on the machine table or chuck. The machine tools can have 3, 4, or 5 axes, which allow them to move in different directions and angles. The machine tools are also equipped with sensors and controllers that monitor and adjust the machining process.


The final step is to start the CNC machine and execute the program. The CNC machine will follow the instructions and control the machine tools to cut, shape, and form the workpiece according to the CAD model. The CNC machine will also monitor the machining process and provide feedback and adjustments if needed. The machining process can be fully automated or semi-automated, depending on the complexity and requirements of the part or product.

CNC Turning CNC Milling CNC Drilling
2-axis CNC lathes 3-, 4- and 5-axis machines Upright, bench, radial drill presses

Advantages of CNC Machining

CNC machining involves four main steps: Designing, Programming, Setting up, and Machining. Here is a brief overview of each step:


CNC machining can produce parts and products with high precision and accuracy, which can meet the strict specifications and tolerances required by various industries and applications. CNC machining can also ensure the repeatability and consistency of the parts and products, which can reduce errors and waste.


CNC machining can reduce the production time and cost by using automated processes and efficient machines, which can perform multiple operations in a single setup and run continuously without human intervention. CNC machining can also increase the productivity and profitability of the manufacturing process, as well as the customer satisfaction and loyalty.


CNC machining can handle different types of materials, such as metal, plastic, wood, or composite, and create complex and customized parts and products that are difficult or impossible to make with manual methods. CNC machining can also adapt to the changing needs and demands of the customers, as well as the market trends and innovations.


CNC machining can ensure the quality and reliability of the parts and products by using advanced machines, tools, and materials, as well as quality control and inspection methods. CNC machining can also improve the performance and functionality of the parts and products, as well as their appearance and aesthetics.

Technical Specification

CNC Process Tolerance
Lathe ± 0.005" | 0.13mm
Router ± 0.005" | 0.13mm
Router (Cutting Gaskets) ± 0.030" | 0.762mm
3-Axis Milling ± 0.005" | 0.13mm
5-Axis Milling ± 0.005" | 0.13mm
Engraving ± 0.005" | 0.13mm
Surface Roughness (Finish) 125RA

How Vexma Technologies Can Help You with CNC Machining

Vexma Technologies is a leading additive and advanced manufacturing service provider, offering CNC machining solutions for various applications, such as prototyping, low-volume production, tooling, and molding. Vexma Technologies has a team of experienced and skilled engineers and machinists, who can handle any CNC machining project with precision and efficiency. Vexma Technologies also offers other additive and advanced manufacturing services, such as 3D printing, vacuum casting, design and analysis, new product development, and reverse engineering.

Vexma Technologies is committed to delivering high-quality and cost-effective CNC machining and manufacturing services to its customers, and to making CNC machining accessible and affordable for everyone.

If you are interested in CNC machining and manufacturing services, you can contact Vexma Technologies through Our website, email, or phone. You can also request a quote, a sample, or a consultation from their team of experts. Vexma Technologies will help you turn your ideas into reality, and to create value and impact with CNC machining.


  • Aluminum
  • Stainless steel
  • Mild steel
  • Brass
  • Copper
  • Alloy steel
  • Tool steel
  • Titanium
  • Inconel

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